Q ANZAC 100: Memories for a New Generation

Find your soldier

There are many places online, in institutions and in libraries, where information can be found on soldiers’ war service and what happened after the war, such as soldier settlements and war service home schemes.

Page 26 of the Queenslander Pictorial, supplement to The Queenslander, 19 December 1914, John Oxley Library, SLQ. Image number: 702692-19141219-s0026-0011

Getting started

A good place to start looking for information about your soldier is to search the OneSearch the library catalogue.
Try using your soldier’s surname and other search terms such as ‘First World War’, ‘World War, 1914-1918’, ‘Australia’ or ‘Great Britain’, in combination with phrases such as ‘regimental histories’, ‘battalion’ and ‘history’; ‘biography’, ‘campaigns’, ‘soldier settlement’ or ‘repatriation’.

There are nearly 30,000 portraits of Queensland soldiers who served in the First World War available via One Search. Find out more about these portraits on the Q ANZAC 100: Memories for a new generation showcase.

SLQ also has a growing number of collections related to the First World War that are in the process of being digitised. Letters, diaries, photographs, organisational records and other memorabilia can provide insight into war service, or may contain additional personal information. To see what is available, please see our WWI collections webpage.

Where should I go next?

The following valuable organisations and resources are useful for continuing your search.

National Archives of Australia

The National Archives of Australia contain Australian Government records, including World War One service records, and are often extensive files with surprising documents.

  • Discovering Anzacs – The National Archives of Australia and Archives New Zealand are creating this website, which will have a unique profile of every Anzac who enlisted in World War One, linked to their service record. The public can build on the profiles and add family stories, photos or details of their service.
  • RecordSearch – RecordSearch lets you find a service record using a name search and a category of record, such as World War One. Download the record by clicking on the ‘digitised item’ icon. Also search with the term ‘soldier settlement’. These records are mainly concerned with land acquisition. Few are digitised and they are kept in Melbourne.
  • PhotoSearch – This is easily identified on the RecordSearch page or on a record with a camera icon.
  • See NAA fact sheet 63: War service information

Australian War Memorial

The Australian War Memorial contains a wealth of information including:

  • biographical database related to all the overseas military events involving Australians
  • official records, including a link to those in the National Archives
  • collections database that includes:
    • over 7,000 film items and 5,000 sound recording items
    • over 800,000 photographs
    • over 7,500 private records
    • army war diaries
  • an encyclopedia
  • a glossary of terms used
  • useful links

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission records details of Commonwealth war dead, so that graves or names on memorials can be located. Details cover name, rank, service number, date of death, age, regiment/service, service country, grave/memorial reference, and cemetery/memorial name.

Queensland State Archives

The Queensland State Archives are helpful for:

Photographs

There are many different resources that may contain photographs of your soldier.

SLQ digitised images

  • Nearly 30,000 photographs of soldiers who trained at the Enoggera Camp were published in The Queenslander (the weekly version of the Brisbane Courier). State Library has digitised the portraits in high resolution and they are available online and also to download for free. Search our OneSearch catalogue using the surname and the word “soldier”. Not all soldiers who trained at Enoggera had their portrait taken, however, and soldiers who enlisted in North Queensland may not be included in these portraits.
  • Other digitised photographs may be available in our OneSearch catalogue. Search using the subject ‘World War 1914-1918’ and ‘portraits’ or ‘soldiers’. These may include private photographs and albums, some of which may not be digitised.

Trove newspapers

Digitised newspapers are available on Trove.

The Cairns Post had a weekend version, The Northern Herald, and the Rockhampton Bulletin had the weekend Capricornian. Their soldiers’ pictures may be different from those in The Queenslander. Other newspaper sources include the dailies and The Week (weekend version of the Brisbane Telegraph).

Trove pictures are also worth checking.

The Australian War Memorial

  • Collection database. Be prepared to use a service number or unit details to refine the search.
  • See the list of names on Boy soldiers on the Roll of Honour for the First World War.

National Archives of Australia

  • PhotoSearch
  • Images of World War One Australian servicemen - This includes 500 digital images from the Imperial War Museum in London. They may be downloaded, for personal use only, without charge. A list of searchable names is provided. Images include studio portraits and newspaper photographs. These can also be searched on Flickr.

Photographs in books, magazines and original materials (diaries, photograph albums, cutting books etc)

For example, images of soldiers who were commercial travellers appeared in the Australasian Traveller. Books published after World War One may have been digitised, and be found on CD-ROMs. Use our OneSearch catalogue and check for finding aids.

Community websites for World War One projects

Other useful websites:

British records

  • The National Archives UK provides guidance on World War One records. They also have a page dedicated to World War One records, covering a limited number of service records in all branches of the services; prisoner of war reports; medal index cards; women’s army, air force, navy and nurses records; and war diaries, with further releases of documents in the future. Podcasts and blogs provide a variety of access points.
  • The long, long trail: The British Army in the Great War of 1914-1918 provides a range of digitised records.
  • British World War One records are available on the Ancestry and Findmypast databases, which can be accessed freely onsite at State Library.
  • Commonwealth War Graves Commission provides access to records of deceased soldiers.
  • Newspaper records are available via the British newspaper databases (see information about Newspapers below).

Indigenous soldiers

SLQ has an index of indigenous soldiers, which includes more names than those listed in the publications below. Indigenous soldiers are also included in other records. These titles deal specifically with them.

CD-ROMs

Useful titles you can request at State Library’s family history desk on level 3 include:

State Library also holds CD-ROMs that include soldiers from other states.

Newspapers

Newspapers provide:

  • accounts of enlistments
  • reports on those wounded
  • information from family letters
  • photographs of soldiers, leave-takings and battlefields

They are valuable for reporting on the local servicemen and war-related activities. Weekend versions of the daily newspapers, such as The Queenslander, The Week, Capricornian and The Northern Herald, also have valuable pictorial content.

Cutting books and biographical and subject newspaper clipping files may provide otherwise inaccessible detail. These may be requested on level 4 of State Library.

Find collections of newspapers:

  • on Trove - an expanding collection from all Australian states, mainly to 1954
  • in State Library’s microform collection - the major Australian dailies and a myriad of Queensland newspapers are collected. Locate newspapers on the OneSearch catalogue or in the booklets kept at the family history desk on level 3 ('Newspapers by place' or 'Newspapers by title')
  • in database collections, accessible online with State Library membership
    • Times Digital Archive [London] 1785-2006
    • 19th Century British Library Newspapers

All database titles are keyword searchable.

Anzac and TB (tuberculosis) cottages

Families of soldiers who did not return from the war, or who were badly incapacitated, were in desperate need of support. Anzac cottages were built to aid these families. Requirements such as land, materials and labour were mainly donated. In Queensland alone, about 50 were constructed, mostly in Brisbane. Funds from the state-managed Golden Casket, a lottery, funded the scheme.

Don Watson’s blog on Anzac cottage No 1 captures the enthusiasm and sympathy behind these projects.

Use the OneSearch catalogue to find articles and pictures of the homes and the people constructing them.
Trove also has many articles and photos. Check the tags ‘Anzac cottages’ or ‘Anzac and T B cottages’.

Queensland State Archives has an index of TB Home applications 1923-1932.

War service homes

Check these resources in State Library’s OneSearch catalogue:

  • Designs of homes for selection by applications: War Service Homes Commission, Qld Branch. This book has been digitised and displays 50 photographs of designs for war service homes built in Queensland. Plans and services provided (tank water and sometimes electricity) accompany each photograph.
  • War service homes jubilee 1919-1969: Australia Division of War Services Homes,1969. This gives a broad view of the Australian scheme.
  • Queensland Parliamentary papers post World War One had a range of valuable reports (such as the Queensland Government Savings Bank Report of the Commissioner for year ending 30 June 1919, which contained photographs of some Sunnybank houses erected at the Sunnybank Soldier Settlement).

Check Trove for the period, including tags for ‘war service homes’ to find photographs and articles.

Unit histories

SLQ’s unit histories are extensive and may be found on our OneSearch catalogue using the search term ‘regimental histories’ together with an identifying word such as the name/number of the battalion/regiment or the author of the book. A list of some is included in the information guide on World War One resources.

A unit history may include:

  • nominal roll
  • a history of the unit
  • accounts of battles in which the battalion was involved, as well as battle honours
  • accounts of the roles of individuals
  • photographs and maps

Biographical sources

Sources other than National Archives of Australia, Australian War Memorial, Commonwealth War Graves and unit histories include: